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Alburnus Major

A treasure to be saved

  • Alburnus
  • Director
    Adolfo Conti

    Today Alburnus Major is called Rosia Montana. Rosia Montana is part of the so-called “Golden Quadrilateral,” an area in Romania rich in metals.
    The complex of Dacian, Roman, medieval and Habsburg galleries is unique for its size and state of preservation. With long sections still unexplored, the galleries may conceal priceless archaeological treasures. A Canadian mining company mining was given permission to develop a plan for the intensive exploitation of the Rosia Montana area. Time is short: if the Romanian government gives the goahead, the final phase of the project could get under way in the next years. Large opencast mines, like enormous volcanic craters, will sweep away mountains, woods and villages. Sixteen thousand tonnes of cyanide a year will be used. Within a circular area of 100 square kilometers, the flora, fauna and every form of life in the surface and subterranean waters will be destroyed. In the meantime archeological excavations are being carried out at a frantic pace : hidden a few centimeters below ground is the whole fabric of Dacian and Roman urbanization. A fabric that is currently being investigated by archeologists seeking to understand just what we risk losing forever.


    Category: Archaeology, Current Affairs


    Scientific advisor: Livio Zerbini